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Box Turtle Indonesian Health Information

The Indonesian Box Turtle needs a large living area, at least 20-gallons. At least half of the tank should be a water area, with water at least as deep as the turtle is tall. The land area should have a warmer portion that can be used for basking. Rocks, wood and plants can be added, both to make the tank more attractive and to make the turtle more comfortable.

The water temperature inside the tank must be between 80 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (26.7-29.4 C). Colder temperatures will cause the animal to spurn the water, which can cause stress and other health problems. The air temperature within the tank should be 78 degrees Fahrenheit (25.6C) or higher, with a relative humidity of between 75 and 90 percent.

Captive Indonesian Box Turtles can be fed greens, vegetable, fruits and mushrooms. While herbivorous in the wild, in captivity they can and will eat waxworms or crickets occasionally. The insects should be dusted with a nutritional supplement. Indonesian Box Turtles usually feed in the water and only need to be fed a couple times a week.

Breeding
Male Indonesian Box Turtles can be distinguished from females by their longer, wider tails and concave plastron. A breeding pair needs to be kept in a large enclosure, about 6' x 4', that is set up as much like a tropical rainforest as possible. Many breeders believe that the animals breed better if a "tropical winter" is simulated. The temperature along the equator does not decrease noticeably in the winter. The rain does stop for a while, during which time the turtles burrow and stop feeding regularly. If these conditions are mimicked in the enclosure for about six weeks, the turtles may breed more easily. After six weeks, the conditions should be returned to normal. Between two and four weeks later, the turtles will mate. Males are sometimes very aggressive during mating and should be carefully observed so they don't injure, or even kill, the female.

After mating, the female Indonesian box Turtle will lay several clutches one every few weeks, containing one or two eggs. They usually lay their eggs between April and June. The eggs are white and about 1.5 inches long. The eggs usually hatch after between 70 and 85 days of incubation at temperatures between 82 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Box_Turtle_Indonesian".
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